The origin and history of music

Perhaps the biggest of all is that music had its origin as entertainment — a superfluous if enjoyable pastime. It is easy to see where we might have gotten this idea. Entertainment is surely one of the purposes of music.

The origin and history of music

Flamenco - Its Origin and evolution Many of the details of the development of flamenco are lost in Spanish history. There are several reasons for this lack of historical evidence: Flamenco sprang from the lower levels of Andalucian society, and thus lacked the prestige of other art forms among the middle and higher classes.

Flamenco music also slipped in and out of fashion several times during its existence. The turbulent times of the people involved in flamenco culture. The Moors, the Gitanos and the Jews were all persecuted, and the Moors moriscos and Jews were expelled by the Spanish Inquisition in Many of the songs in flamenco still reflect the spirit of desperation, struggle, hope, and pride of the people during this time of persecution.

The Gitanos have been fundamental in maintaining this art form, but they have an oral culture. Their songs were passed on to new generations by repeated performances within their social community.

The non-gypsy Andalucian poorer classes, in general, were also illiterate. There was a lack of interest from historians and musicologists. Nationalistic or ethnic bias has also been frequent in flamencology. This started to change in the late 's and s, when a growing number of musicologists and historians began to carry out more rigorous research.

There are questions not only about the origins of the music The origin and history of music dances of flamenco, but also about the origins of the very word flamenco.

Whatever the origins of the word, in the early 19th century it began to be used to describe a way of life centered around this music and usually involving Gypsies. In his book Zincali, George Borrow writes that the word flamenco is synonymous with "Gypsy".

Yet there is a problem with this theory, in that the word is first attested three centuries after the end of the Moorish reign. Infante links the term to the ethnic Andalucians of Muslim faith, the Moriscos, who would have mixed with the Gypsy newcomers in order to avoid religious persecution.

Background For a complete picture of the possible influences that gave rise to flamenco, attention must be paid to the cultural and musical background of the Iberian Peninsula since Ancient times.

Long before the Moorish invasion inVisigothic Spain had adopted its own liturgical musical forms, the Visigothic or Mozarabic rite, strongly influenced by Byzantium. The Mozarabic rite survived the Gregorian reform and the Moorish invasion, and remained alive at least until the 10th or 11th century.

History of music - Wikipedia

Unfortunately, owing to the type of musical notation in which these Mozarabic chants were written, it is not possible to determine what this music really sounded like, so the theory remains unproven. Moor is not the same as Moslem.

Moor comes from the Latin Mauroi, meaning an inhabitant of North Africa. The Carthaginians, for instance, came from North Africa. Moorish influence in the peninsula goes back thousands of years, but it was the Islamic invasion, by largely Berber armies inthat determined the main musical influences from North Africa.

The Moorish and Arab conquerors brought their musical forms to the Peninsula, and at the same time, probably gathered some native influence in their music. One of those musicians was Zyriab, who imported forms of Persian music, revolutionized the shape and playing techniques of the Lute which centuries later evolved into the vihuela and the guitaradding a fifth string to it, and set the foundations for the Andalusian nuba, the style of music in suite form still performed in North African countries.

The presence of the Moors was also decisive in shaping the cultural diversity of Spain. Owing to the extraordinary length of the Reconquesta started in the North as early as and completed in with the conquest of Granada, the degree of Moorish influence on culture, customs and even language varies enormously between the North and the South.

Music cannot have been alien to that process. While music in the North of the Peninsula has a clear Celtic influence which dates to pre-Roman times, southern music is certainly reminiscent of Eastern influences. To what extent this Eastern flavor is owed to the Moors, the Jews, the Mozarabic rite with its Byzantine influenceor the Gypsies has not been clearly determined.

During the Reconquest, another important cultural influence was present in Al-Andalus: Enjoying a relative religious and ethnic tolerance in comparison to Christian countries, they formed an important ethnic group, with their own traditions, rites, and music, and probably reinforced the middle-Eastern element in the culture and music forms of Al-Andalus.

Prehistoric music - Wikipedia

Certain flamenco palos like the Peteneras have been attributed a direct Jewish origin. Andalusia after the Reconquest: The 15th century marked a small revolution in the culture and society of Southern Spain.The history of song sharing can put into in perspective some very important questions about the origin, meaning and purpose of music.

These vital issues are all too ignored in our modern-day appraisal of music as entertainment product, of musician as celebrity, of profit as purpose. What the Origin of Music Reveals About its True Meaning By Zac Shaw on June 6th, Did you ever stop and wonder, “Where the hell did music come from?”.

Flamenco - Its Origin and evolution. Many of the details of the development of flamenco are lost in Spanish history.

There are several reasons for this lack of historical evidence. History of Music Pre-Renaissance Music: The Evolution of Instruments and Theory Prehistoric Music. The earliest forms of music were probably drum-based, percussion instruments being the most readily available at the time (i.e.

The origin and history of music

rocks, sticks). "Aside from the obvious disparities between Saint Nicholas and the secular Santa Claus, perhaps the most poignant difference between them can be seen in the nature of the gifts they give. Prehistoric music, once more commonly called primitive music, is the name given to all music produced in preliterate cultures (), beginning somewhere in very late geological arteensevilla.comtoric music is followed by ancient music in most of Europe ( BC) and later music in subsequent European-influenced areas, but still exists in isolated areas.

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