This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Through qualitative interviews, the findings revealed that international students deal with academic challenges, social isolation, and cultural adjustment. Specifically, academic challenges included communication with professors, classmates, and staff.
Pedagogical Issues and Strategies One challenge that instructors face is how to design a course so the material engages students' prior knowledge and their skills, whether the intent is to build on that knowledge, to interrogate it, or to situate new ways of thinking.
When students bring diverse backgrounds, course design is particularly challenging. On the other hand, attending to student differences provides valuable clarity for both students and instructors; and drawing on student differences multiplies the teaching and learning exchange in a class.
The ideas are relevant whether the class has The challenges for internationa students few or many international students, or whether the class focused on international topics or not.
Most of the issues are present to some degree in every classroom, and all of the strategies have potential value to instructors and students. Click on the blue check boxes to read more. Bridging differences in background knowledge and classroom practice Issues Instructors cannot assume background knowledge of American history and cultural references.
Skills learned in high schools abroad may not match those expected by instructors used to teaching U. Some skills may be far advanced; others may be less advanced.
Classroom participation and engagement strategies will be unfamiliar to some students.
Strategies Regularly identify the skills you want students to learn and apply, being very explicit about the extent to which students need to absorb material and the extent to which they should question material presented Incorporate checks for comprehension into the classroom presentation style.
Expecting students to ask questions if they do not understand Valuing differences in student experience and preparation Be prepared for gaps in understanding and view them as opportunities for review, collaboration and discussion Teaching non-native speakers of English Issues A fast pace of lecture makes effective note-taking difficult for students, particularly for non-native speakers of English.
Amount and complexity of academic reading and writing may take more time for non-native speakers of English. Non-native speakers of English may fall behind in class participation, especially in the beginning weeks of a class.
Strategies Use a lecture pace that allows time for note-taking, and checks for comprehension as above Begin with a brief recap of the previous lecture, or review the overarching narrative of the course regularly Provide an agenda or outline for each class Post PowerPoint slides Illustrate key points with visual material Create study guides and study questions to help students prioritize reading material To enhance participation, ask all students to take a minute to write responses to questions asked in class, and then call for responses Use pairs so all students can talk about an idea, when you break into small groups Utilize online tools to stimulate student exchange chatrooms, blogs, Piazza Improving climate Issues Differences in fluency may lead native English speakers to finish sentences, or fill in words, for non-native speakers, rather than taking time to listen.
Commonly held preconceived notions about international students that may obstruct communications include: International students are lacking characteristics of U.
Asian students are naturally smart in math and science. All international students want to do is study. Strategies When speaking, be attentive to pace of speech, use of idioms and cultural references Identify social differences as being valuable resources in the classroom, facilitating student learning from various cultural perspectives see learning outcomes Take time if you hear reference to national stereotypes to question the generalization and its application Focus on whether students have understood your point, not only on how well you stated a point Make use of non verbal communication like gestures and eye contact Discourage sidebar conversations involving subgroups of U.
Promoting academic integrity Issue Some international students do not learn the same rules about copying and plagiarism that are fundamental to U.
Strategies Emphasize academic integrity verbally, and include reference to the rules and sources of information in the course syllabus Suggest that students take a test to make sure they know what plagiarism is. The following link has an excellent test: Harvard Business Review 84 11The letters ask professors to consider the special challenges international students face.
The first-year student hopes the program will help get professors and students to work together to find. The first semester of college in the United States is an exciting time for international students, but there are some obstacles that naturally arise in a new country and academic environment.
International students’ enrollment in higher education in the US has expanded considerably in the last decades. In this study, international students’ experiences were examined in academic and sociocultural settings.
Through qualitative interviews, the findings revealed that international students deal with academic challenges, social isolation, and cultural adjustment.
This paper examines the issues surrounding international students seeking work experience in business and accounting disciplines, highlighting some the challenges . Students face several challenges when they decide to undertake their studies in a different country. Some of the challenges are universal in the sense that every foreigner student in a given institution will undergo them, while others are specific, depending on the institution one undertakes their studies.
Studying in the United States. International students increasingly want to come to the United States for college or graduate school. Use our tips, rankings, and more to help you find the best.