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Religion, he said, was the first human attempt to systematically explain the world. Durkheim thought that religious rationality would wither away in modern times for him, the early twentieth century because scientific rationality would replace it, by virtue of its superior explanatory power.
Alas, he seems to have gotten this one wrong. But Durkheim was right about the genealogy of thought. Modern religion is an elaboration of a belief in magic. In the absence of a scientific explanation of events and institutions, faith in magical powers, fetishization of Essay on religious intolerance, and overinterpretation of random variation are inevitable.
Durkheim expected religion to fall out of fashion as the outright belief in magic had, for the same reason. For anyone with the least education, the superior power of scientific thinking is obvious. Only a willful ignorance could lead to any other conclusion.
This is where we find ourselves. We live in a world that wants the fruits of scientific labor, but refuses the mental discipline of scientific rationality. Just like children, we want to have our cake and to eat it too. I Am Alone, by T. Religions have persisted, despite their inability to explain the modern world.
Here, in fact, we have a stunning reversal: Many will find this uncertainty anxiety-provoking, and will look around for a convenient escape.
As social organizations, religions have a dramatic power that hides their essential irrationality. They persist today because they are so effective at constructing group identities and at setting up conflict between the in- and out-groups.
For all religions, there is an "us" and a "them. It is no accident that the history of world religions is a history of violence, hatred and intolerance. And, being liars, and thus, evil, they forfeit their rights as equal members of the community.
This is the poisonous logic of religious irrationality. All modern religions are ideological: Complete acceptance is the only way to escape the uncertainty of modernity.
For this reason, religion without fanaticism is impossible. Anyone whose mind is trapped inside such a mental prison will be susceptible to extreme forms of behavior. All religions foment their own kind of holy war. The reader might point out that some believers are more bland and mild than fire and brimstone.
Those whose devotion is moderate are, perhaps, only cowardly fanatics. They want the fellowship and the security but ignore the logic of the system to which they grudgingly adhere.America’s True History of Religious Tolerance The idea that the United States has always been a bastion of religious freedom is reassuring—and utterly at odds with the historical record.
The forces seeking to sharply reduce the number of immigrants coming to America won a stunning victory in June , when nativist anger at an "amnesty" for the undocumented scuttled a major bipartisan immigration reform package backed by President Bush.
The Acts of the Apostles and Religious Intolerance Essay Words | 9 Pages The Acts of the Apostles and Religious Intolerance The Acts of the Apostles is the geographical and political story of the development of the Christian .
This is an examination of religious tolerance, with a specific focus on Christianity.I want to demonstrate that the price paid for religious tolerance is a watering down of religious belief until it's considered by its believers to be little more .
In his recent writings on religion and secularization, Habermas haschallenged reason to clarify its relation to religious experienceand to engage religions in a constructive dialogue.
Religious intolerance, rather, is when a group (e.g., a society, religious group, non-religious group) specifically refuses to tolerate practices, persons or beliefs on religious grounds.