Children of the jewish holocaust essay

German-occupied EuropeConcentration and extermination camps, and ghettos. Territories of the Axis Powers are in olive green.

Children of the jewish holocaust essay

The Jews were a special target of Nazi ideology and policies, which ultimately resulted in the Holocaust.

Friedrich Paul Berg's ""

From the very beginning, Jews and their children suffered at the hands of the Nazis. In the s a series of Nazi laws were introduced aimed at removing the civil and economic rights of Jews and other groups.

These laws had a severe impact on the lives of children. One of the first laws that affected Jewish students was the "Law against Overcrowding in German schools and universities" of 25 April that restricted the number of Jewish children in schools, not to exceed 1.

Jewish children of war veterans and those with a non-Jewish parent were initially exempted. Jewish children were banned from many public spaces, and everyday activities like going to the park or going swimming were forbidden.

Afterclose friends suddenly avoided the company of their Jewish classmates, sometimes becoming hostile. Jewish children in German classrooms were humiliated as they were taught "biology" that designated them as racially inferior.

The Holocaust - Wikipedia

On 15 NovemberGerman Jewish children were prohibited from attending German schools. The segregated Jewish schools, facing steadily deteriorating conditions and increasing Nazi pressure, were finally closed on 7 Julyafter the first wave of deportations of German Jews to the East had been completed.

Lack of funds and strict visa and immigration controls prevented many Jewish families leaving Germany. However, some were able to migrate to neighbouring European countries.

Many of these Jewish refugees were often caught up in the Nazi regime again in later years. Some non-Jews hid Jewish children and sometimes, as in the case of Anne Frank, hid other family members as well.

In France, almost the entire Protestant population of Le Chambon-sur-Lignon, as well as many Catholic priests, nuns, and lay Catholics, hid Jewish children in the town from to In Italy and Belgium, many children survived in hiding.

The first group of children to be targeted by the Nazis for extermination were disabled children described as "useless eaters". They were taken away from their parents under the guise of receiving the latest medical attention and maybe a cure.

In fact, they were part of a top secret euthanasia programme. Afterthere are four basic patterns that can describe the fate of Jewish children in occupied Europe: After the invasion of Poland inJewish men, women and children were rounded up and forced to live in ghettos established by the Germans.

Many died of starvation or disease.

Children of the jewish holocaust essay

Two years later, in the Soviet Union, the invading German army was followed by Einsatzgruppen operations groups who went from town to town rounding up Jews and shooting them.

Then in December the Germans began the "Final Solution". The ghettos were cleared and Jews moved to the extermination camps. Many children died on the trains or on arrival in the gas chambers. Two camps - Auschwitz and Majdanek - operated a selection policy where the fittest were chosen for slave labour, while babies, small children and their mothers were sent straight to the gas chambers.

Teenagers had a better chance of surviving selection, particularly if they claimed to have a skill. Long term survival was rare and most of those selected to work died eventually of exhaustion and disease.

The conditions were so extreme that even the fittest people rarely survived more than a few months in the camps. Some children were kept back from the gas chambers so they could be used for horrific medical experiments. Although the basis for these decisions was "race-scientific," often blond hair, blue eyes, or fair skin was sufficient to merit the "opportunity" to be "Germanized.

This figure includes more than 1.The fate of Jewish and non-Jewish children fell into the following categories: (i) killed immediately upon arrival at the death camps — toddlers to 12 years old; (ii) killed immediately after birth — babies in camps, particularly in Ravensbrück (the women’s camp) and in the women’s camp within Auschwitz-Birkenau ;.

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Children of the jewish holocaust essay

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Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism. During the Third Reich some Jewish children went into hiding to escape the increasing persecution. These hidden children lived dangerous lives.

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